Law & Order: Domestic Workers' Rights and Obligations in Bahrain

  • Publish date: Wednesday، 12 July 2023
Law & Order: Domestic Workers' Rights and Obligations in Bahrain

In Bahrain, domestic workers' rights and obligations are regulated by the Labor Law for the Private Sector (Law No. 36 of 2012) and the Domestic Labor Law (Law No. 19 of 2015). These laws aim to protect the rights of domestic workers and ensure fair and decent working conditions. Here are some key points regarding the rights and obligations of domestic workers in Bahrain:

  1. Employment Contracts: Domestic workers should have a written employment contract in a language they understand, specifying the terms and conditions of their employment, such as wages, working hours, rest periods, and other benefits.

  2. Working Hours: Domestic workers should not work more than eight hours per day, with a maximum of 48 hours per week. They are entitled to a weekly rest day, which should be specified in the employment contract.

  3. Wages: Domestic workers are entitled to receive their wages in a timely manner, at least once a month. The minimum wage for domestic workers is determined by the Labor Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) and should be specified in the employment contract.

  4. Rest Periods: Domestic workers are entitled to regular breaks and rest periods during their working hours, including a daily rest period of at least 12 consecutive hours.

  5. Health and Safety: Employers are obligated to provide domestic workers with a safe and healthy working environment. They should also cover the costs of medical treatment in case of work-related injuries or illnesses.

  6. Accommodation and Food: Employers are required to provide suitable accommodation and adequate food for domestic workers. The accommodation should meet certain standards of cleanliness, privacy, and hygiene.

  7. Leave and Vacations: Domestic workers are entitled to annual leave after working for a specific period, usually one year. The duration of the annual leave should be specified in the employment contract.

  8. Termination of Employment: Both the employer and the domestic worker have the right to terminate the employment contract. However, there may be notice periods or other conditions specified in the contract or under the law.

Can you fire your domestic worker in Bahrain?

Yes, as an employer in Bahrain, you have the right to terminate the employment contract with your domestic worker. However, there are certain procedures and considerations to follow:

  1. Notice Period: Generally, you are required to provide a notice period to the domestic worker before terminating their employment. The notice period should be specified in the employment contract or according to the labor laws. If the contract does not specify a notice period, it is generally advisable to provide reasonable notice, which is typically one month.

  2. Termination Reasons: There should be valid reasons for terminating the employment contract. Valid reasons can include breach of contract, misconduct, poor performance, or other justifiable causes. It is important to note that termination based on discriminatory grounds or unfair treatment is not allowed.

  3. Termination Procedures: When terminating the employment contract, it is recommended to provide a written termination letter to the domestic worker, clearly stating the reasons for termination and the effective date of termination.

  4. Settlement of Dues: As an employer, you are obligated to settle any outstanding dues owed to the domestic worker, including unpaid wages, leave entitlements, or any other benefits as per the employment contract or labor laws.

  5. Return of Documents: You should return any personal identification documents, such as passports or work permits, to the domestic worker upon termination of employment.

What to do if my domestic worker runs away?

If your domestic worker runs away in Bahrain, here are some steps you can take:

  1. Contact the Police: If your domestic worker has run away, it is important to report the situation to the police as soon as possible. Provide them with all the necessary details, including the worker's name, description, and any relevant information that can help in locating them.

  2. Inform the Labor Authorities: Notify the Labor Market Regulatory Authority (LMRA) about the situation and provide them with the necessary information. They may be able to assist you in locating the domestic worker or provide guidance on further steps to take.

  3. Check with the Worker's Embassy or Consulate: If you know the domestic worker's nationality, you can contact their embassy or consulate in Bahrain and inform them about the situation. They may be able to provide support and guidance on how to proceed.

  4. Maintain Documentation: Ensure that you have all the necessary documents related to the employment of the domestic worker, including the employment contract, copies of passports or identification documents, and any other relevant paperwork. These documents may be useful for reporting the situation and providing information to the authorities.

  5. Be Cautious and Sensible: It's important to handle the situation with caution and avoid taking any actions that may put you or others at risk. Do not attempt to pursue or confront the domestic worker without proper assistance from the authorities.

  6. Seek Legal Advice: If needed, consult with legal professionals or labor experts who can provide guidance and advice specific to your situation. They can help you understand your rights and responsibilities as an employer and assist you in taking appropriate steps.

Remember, every situation is unique, and it's crucial to follow the appropriate legal procedures and seek professional advice to ensure that you are acting within the boundaries of the law while attempting to resolve the issue.

For any general commercial and corporate advice, kindly contact us at  Law & Order Bahrain.

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